MSU dismisses Zodwa waBantu dissertation reports

“It has come to the attention of the University that a dissertation cover page with the title “An analysis of Facebook debates on Zodwa wa Bantu’s ban from Zimbabwe’s Harare Festival … is circulating on social media”

Patrick Chitumba|Chronicle

MIDLANDS State University (MSU) has dismissed reports that it received a dissertation with a title “An analysis of Facebook debates on Zodwa wa Bantu’s ban from Zimbabwe’s Harare Festival” that is circulating on the social media.

In a press statement yesterday, MSU said the University does not distribute or share submissions or dissertations wholly or in part, with the public through non-official platforms.

The MSU statement comes after an image allegedly of a front cover of a dissertation by a student started circulating on social media platforms such as Facebook and WhatsApp.

The image purports that a student wrote the dissertation after South African entertainment queen Zodwa wa Bantu was denied permission by the Government to perform at the Harare Festival that was held last month.

Reads part of the press statement from MSU: “It has come to the attention of the University that a dissertation cover page with the title “An analysis of Facebook debates on Zodwa wa Bantu’s ban from Zimbabwe’s Harare Festival” that is purported to be a cover page of a dissertation submitted to MSU, is circulating on social media and this has led to unfortunate and misinformed speculations about the institution, staff and students.

“The impression that has been created on social media, as a result of the viral image, is that the University has received a document with the said cover page or it has already been examined. While we acknowledge the amount of interest this viral image has created, we wish to bring to the attention of our publics a few points that may assist in framing the discussions.”

The submission of dissertations or any other examinable material is done through clearly-defined procedures and to designated offices where such submissions are recorded.

“Students are still working towards the submission of their dissertations for examination. All successfully completed dissertations — those which would have passed the test of rigour and quality — are submitted to the University and can be accessed from our institutional repository via the University library. Because dissertations are examination documents, the University does not distribute or share them, wholly or in part, with the public through non-official platforms.

“Students work on their dissertations for a minimum period of two semesters although the actual writing takes place in their final semester when they register for the dissertation module.

“The University upholds the spirit of creativity, ingenuity and academic freedom, for both students and staff, as long as these meet set conditions for quality and rigour. We have a tested system of checks and balances to achieve these goals. Therefore, a research on any topic or theme will still be tested for these conditions,” reads the statement.

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ZIMBABWE TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS SPORTS UNION (ZTISU) 2016 PHOTO GALLERY

Photo gallery of the 2016 ZTISU games  hosted by NUST in Bulawayo.  Have a look!!!

 

Pictures courtesy of Bulawayo Polytechnic.

TWISTED IN THE GOLDEN HOUR

by Neddy Makonza | NUST-ZW

THE most embarrassing thing to do is tell someone about your manhood. Can you however live with telling someone about the disability of your manhood? This can happen if you feel excruciating pain around your groin area and decide to be strong and not seek help.

torsion-of-testis

Testicular torsion is a true urologic emergency and must be differentiated from other complaints of testicular pain because a delay in diagnosis and manage­ment can lead to loss of the testicle. Al­though testicular torsion can occur at any age, including the prenatal and perinatal periods, torsion is most frequent among adolescents with about 65% of cases presenting between 12 – 18 years of age. It occurs in about 1 in 4,000 to 1 per 25,000 males per year before 25 years of age. , it is the most frequent cause of testicle loss in that population.

The testicles are 2 organs that hang in a pouch of skin called the scrotum which sits below the penis. This is where sperm and male sex hormone (testosterone) are made. The blood supply for each testicle comes from the spermatic cord. This cord starts in the abdomen and extends into the scrotum. This cord also contains the vas deferens, which carries sperm from the testicles to the urethra. Damage to these structure is detrimental as they determine the fertility of an individual. However luckily one has two of them.

Testicular torsion occurs when a testicle rotates, twisting the spermatic cord that brings blood to the scrotum. The reduced blood flow causes sudden and often severe pain
and swelling..

Testicular torsion occurs when a testicle rotates, twisting the spermatic cord that brings blood to the scrotum. The reduced blood flow causes sudden and often se­vere pain and swelling due to ischaemia. The testicle is deprived of oxygen and also swelling occur causing compression of the structure and pain. This occurs in about 17% of males and is bilateral in 40%.The following features are associated with higher likelihood of torsion :

  • Pain duration of less than 24 hours
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • High position of the testicle
  • Transverse lie of the affected testis
  • Abnormal cremasteric reflex

 

Embarrassment in the young patient may prevent disclosure of scrotal pain, and scrotal pain referred to the lower abdomen may be perceived as not being of scrotal or testicular origin. For this reason, any young male who com­plains of lower abdominal pain should undergo examination of the external genitalia to rule out the possibility of scrotal or testicular pathology.

In contrast intravaginal torsion most commonly occurs in adolescents. It is thought that the increased weight of the testicle after puberty, as well as sudden contraction of the cremasteric muscles (which inserts in a spiral fashion into the spermatic cord), is the impetus for acute torsion. Testicular torsion is also associated with testicular malignancy, especially in adults; one study found a 64% association of testicular torsion with testicular malignancy. This is thought to be secondary to a relative increase in the broadness of the testicle compared with its blood supply.

This is a urological emergency; early diagnosis and treatment are vital to saving the testicle and preserving future fertility. Testicular torsion requires emergency surgical treatment to prevent further ischemic damage to the testis. If treated quickly, the testicle can be saved. But when blood flow has been cut off for too long, a testicle might become so badly damaged that it has to be removed.

@kidshealth

 

To prevent loss of the testicles the patient must present within 6 hours after onset of symptoms. Salvaging of the testicle in this instance is possible. This period is called the ‘golden hour’ as it determines whether the testicle survives or not. However if pa­tient delays and present within 24 hours there is a very slight chance to save the testicle but it is indefinite. Presentation after 24 hours the testicle is most likely damaged so nothing can be done to revive the testicle.

History and physical examination are imperfect in ruling out testicular torsion. However very useful and time conscious as patient is quickly taken to theatre if torsion is suspected. Imaging studies (eg, ultrasonography, nuclear scans) may be useful when a low suspicion of testicular torsion is noted. Surgical exploration should not be delayed for the sake of performing imaging studies as this will eat into the golden hour.

Complications that can occur due to un­treated testicular torsion are ;Testicular infarction( death of testicle), Scrotal ab­scess (pus in the scrotum and infection), Gangrene of testis (death and loss of testi­cle), Recurrence, Chronic epididymitis.

In conclusion immediate action in the golden hour is vital to save one’s testicles, fertil­ity, pride and prevent future marital problems.

MSU starts ARVs distribution

Students at higher and tertiary institutions are seen as constituting the high-risk group of people prone to HIV.

by Sunday News reporter |Image Credit-irinnews.org
Robin Muchetu

MIDLANDS State University (MSU) has started dispensing life saving Anti-Retroviral (ARVs) to needy students after realising that there was a big population of students living with HIV who needed to access the drugs.
The Gweru headquartered institution became the first among the country’s universities to implement the programme although it will be spread to other learning institutions. Students at higher and tertiary institutions are seen as constituting the high-risk group of people prone to HIV. However, issues to do with stigma and discrimination make it difficult for students to access ARVs at their respective institutions.
Speaking to journalists at a media training workshop on HIV and Aids in Macheke, National Aids Council monitoring and evaluating director Mr Amon Mpofu, said research had already shown that there was a significant number of students who were already in need of the drugs at the highly populated institution.
“We are giving ARVs at MSU and this is the first institution in the country that is doing this. We started this programme because we realised there was a high student population that was in need of the drugs so we set up a site on campus,” said Mr Mpofu.
NAC operations director Mr Raymond Yekeye added that they have discovered that MSU was among the institutions with high numbers of people living with HIV.
“Midlands has accelerated its ARV sites and we approved that they set up a site at MSU. We are only doing this at MSU so far because it is the only tertiary institution that has high volumes of people who need the drugs compared to say smaller institutions like Masvingo Polytechnic but with time we will open sites at other institutions,” he said.
MSU has the largest student enrolment in the country. MSU has about 23 000 students and would be adding another 5 000 as they have opened a new Mining and Engineering campus in Zvishavane.
A research recently conducted by NAC revealed that higher and tertiary education institutions had the highest number of new HIV infections in the country. NAC has introduced the training of HIV and Aids focal persons in tertiary institutions to provide technical guidance to students, particularly those in their first year to ensure that tertiary institutions provide a comprehensive programme to raise awareness among students on sexual reproduction.
Mr Yekeye said there was also a need for teachers at primary and secondary schools to be trained on HIV and Aids issues as they deal with pupils who are living with the virus.
He said the monitoring and evaluation department will soon train teachers on the virus and how to deal with pupils who are HIV positive.

Easter Thoughts

by Jason Shiri| NUST,ZW

“We played wedding songs and you didn’t dance so we played funeral songs but you didn’t weep”(Mathew 11:17)

Jesus said that in response to a crooked generation which didn’t understand His purpose on earth. They didn’t understand Him simply because He didn’t fit into any of their mantras or formulae of understanding. He was an anomaly but an active one. See unlike the anomalies or outliers in a set of data, you couldn’t count Him out even if you wanted to. He just made way too much noise way too often for anyone to ignore Him or downplay His agenda. So if Jesus came back right now and took a look into your life would He find an anomaly in you? More importantly can you find the anomalies in other people?

 

The beginning of learning is connection. See the relationship between X and Y and call it Z. Take Z out of the context of X and Y and apply it in a new situation. If Z yields result Y conclude that Z operates independently of X and will produce result Y in any situation. Sounds complex I know but thats really all they are teaching us in schools and universities. They are teaching you how to think and how what you think relates to what is already known. But no one teaches you what’s on the other side of the horizon simply because no one knows. Enter Jesus. See He came with a new thing that was supposedly heralded by old teachings: The plan of salvation. But because the old teachings weren’t limited in a lateral plain, laterally thinking individuals completely missed it. The law givers and teachers completely missed the point. Why? Because he wouldn’t weep when they played funeral songs.

That’s what we do. Once we’ve gathered a handful of knowledge we try to use it for our benefit by manipulating every situation out of it’s liberty to exist outside out influence. Take relationships for example. Every relationship fundi will tell you that expectation hurts because peoples behavior is far from predictable so when you expect what you will and it doesn’t come through you automatically question the accuracy of your understanding. Does she still love you even if she doesn’t do what you think that someone who loves you should do? Its a difficult question.

If there’s one thing that Jesus taught His generation it was that we should never limit God to our own understanding. Lets move that a little closer. We should never limit other people to our own understanding. People are really dynamic. They have mood swings, culture shocks, motivation, relapse, aspiration, anger, boredom, guilt, fear, love, fear again.. Where does predictability ever factor in there? Yes chances are after you have known a person for a while you can make an “educated guess” about their conduct but its not always predictable and hence trying to manipulate anyone is not only unethical, it’s just not practical or sustainable.

So relax. Take a step back. Ask yourself what you are expecting and what you’re getting and ask yourself if there is really a difference in terms of the bottom line when it comes to other people. “..love doesn’t demand its own way..” Because it understands that its way is not the only way. Don’t take that for granted, if scholars missed it chances are you and your smart self missed it to at some point in your life. Such is the life we live. Its riddled with booby traps and trick questions, painted faces and rigged elections. But it’s all good. Its only what you do, think and become that should concern you. It concerns me enough to write about.

If life was a rose the then thorns are a consequence

Of thinking vertically let me elevate your consciousness

I’m thinking maybe all I really need is a bucket load of confidence

Cause honesty and bravery make harmony in awareness.

 

 

Just like the economy, Zim’s education is headed for the drain

Sineke Sibanda

A statement from the University of Zimbabwe Students Representative Council caused my heart to sink for a while and to think that Zimbabwe was once known for the best brains in Africa, it would hurt to now think that it could all turn out to be a façade. It was ludicrously unbelievable that the breadbasket of Africa could turn out to be a bread-beggar as evidenced with recent news on shortages of various basic commodities such as maize among others. Sure, just like how the economy which was on the same performing level with that of China and Thailand in terms of GDP per capita in 1985 and now is missing in the global rankings, Zimbabwe’s education may take that route too, its standard recognition is close to being extinct.

A decade ago, industries were complaining that most universities were churning out students who lacked industrial backbone and suffered from knowledge deficiency. Come to think of it, by then, government was still subsidizing these tertiary institutions. Now that the government has put a full stop to that, I guess the country is yet to see the worst; a depreciation in education delivery, depreciation in student performance, depreciation in students’ lifestyles and a depreciation of the country, all because of the money, education has been moved from the centre, and money has taken the place. The institutions do need money, yes! But should it not be proportional to the service rendered?

Depreciation in education delivery will be inevitable at the once sunshine school of the country as the institution seeks to increase the number of students by means of instituting two intakes every year without instituting any adjustment to the staff and facilities at the college. One can only imagine that if a lecturer was attending to 40 students in one class in each stream, he or she had about 120-160 students every year. With the second intake, it means we multiply 120 by two, which gives us 240. Suffice not comment on the numbers, you can surely see the ridiculous mockery and insult to the education system. Is it just about the degree or it is also about the genuine quality of the degree? With time, Zimbabwe’s once recognized degrees in most developed countries will begin to be bogus and mere papers certifying students’ incompetence.

Another issue is the issue of students’ residential area. As we speak, the university of Zimbabwe cannot cater for all students’ accommodation. So where is the new crop of students joining in going to stay? Ordinarily, the general populace in Zimbabwe is broke and lives under $0.30 a day; there will obviously be need for new houses to be built, who will build them? The rich politicians? This reminds me of a concept mastered by a former students leader, Takura Zhangazha, ‘Disaster Capitalism’, a situation where you create a disaster and then you profit/benefit from it. This disaster being created here, from a distance looks so thoughtful, reasonable and absolute but in essence, someone has created an opportunity to loot from the already broke parents sending their children to school.

There has been a shift in dimensions in the policy of privatizing education, starting with the creation of many informal colleges, gradual increase in intakes every year, introduction of multi-campussing and that of annual double intakes pioneered by the Midlands State University. The goalposts have been disoriented and this has justified a nature of not exercising our intelligence in constructing counter proactive strategies other than all these reactionary strategies we are now implementing and are hurting every Zimbabwean. So you mean no one in the aging government foresaw the dwindling of funds and then advised on instigating a counter plan or a fundraising strategy to salvage any shortfalls? You mean all the other universities across the world are dependent on their governments to fund them? What other fundraising projects could be run to make colleges self-sustaining? Just last year, the UZ churned out 3 451 graduates, and you mean none of them had a research that could be pursued and later pay back or generate income for the university. If not, then what function are the colleges serving if they are not academically solving contemporary problems.

For how long has been the UZ since inception churning out students, how many researches have paid back in that big pool of graduates? This is so ridiculous, a lot of people have not been doing their jobs in these varsities other than slouching in their big chairs thinking of the next gimmick to generate and steal from students. What have the universities been investing in? One of the reasons why this country has taken a downward turn is because of the degrees awarded to selfish administrators with little or no brains at all.

This whole drama can be summed up in the words of one particular UZ professor who said the problem with Zimbabwe is that people want economic indigenisation without economic empowerment. There is lack of foresight, sustainable strategies and the ability to think beyond the obvious. The government can continue cutting all they want on staff, increasing the number of intakes and or of students, but this is all cosmetic and reactionary. There is need for winning strategies and genuine people doing their job, otherwise the country is headed for the doldrums; a point of no return…

Exam Tips

It is once again that time of the year when students sit for their end of semester examinations.  It is our sincere hope and wish that all students will excel and reap as sown. It is critical for candidates to embrace systematic study tips and examination day preparation tactics to increase chances of success. Here are a few tips:

  1. REVISE ACTIVELY
    • Summarise class notes.
    • Attempt spontaneous mini self tests on notes read.
    • Utilise mnemonics and poems- to remember easily.
  2. STRATEGISE REVISION
    • Create a sound revision plan which is evenly distributed for all the subjects with a minimum of 1hr 30mins per subject every day.
    • Get hold of past exam papers and analyse the trends and questioning
    • Establish study groups to tackle problem areas and also seek assistance from lecturers
  3. EXAMINATION DAY PREPARATION
    • A night before, have good nights sleep of between 5-8hours for a fresh start to an important day.
    • Before leaving your place of residence, check that you have packed the vital items required during the exam i.e. Student I.D., National I.D., Stationery; pens (2), pencil, sharpener, rubber/ eraser, watch and any other specialised items.
    • Relevant to your field of study like drawing boards, rot ring ink pens, e.t.c
    • Arrive at the exam venue at least an hour before, to counteract any potential physical and social barricades along the way.
  4. WRITING THE EXAM
  • In cases of need always consult the invigilators available for assistance.
    • Read the exam paper carefully taking note of all instructions.
    • Quickly plan the amount of time to spend on each question and always strive for balance.
    • Embark on questions you feel confident about.
    • Avoid spending more time on a particular section.ALL THE BEST!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Campus Moments Team